Advanced Basketball Analytics Formulas To Help You Win

Formulas To Win Basketball: There has been a lot of debate around basketball statistics, and as a coach, if you can modify your team’s play based on basketball statistics, you may make a difference in …

Formulas To Win Basketball: There has been a lot of debate around basketball statistics, and as a coach, if you can modify your team’s play based on basketball statistics, you may make a difference in the outcome of your team’s performance. There has been a lot of dispute surrounding basketball analytics.

It is intriguing to see the same people, such as Charles Barkley, criticize basketball analytics as useless. However, he uses the same data to make the necessary statements to support his claims about the game.

Cuban and Barkley each have fascinating perspectives on the situation. In today’s world, if you want to have an intellectual discourse about basketball, you need to back up your opinions with meaningful statistics.

Let’s talk about some advanced basketball data and the game of basketball’s clear relevance to those stats. However, there are a ton of different perspectives regarding basketball analytics and whether or not it is useful to the game.

Can Basketball Analytics Help You Win?

Yes. An NBA analytics department is now in the front office of virtually every team in the league.

Formulas to win basketball

Cameras record every movement of the ball and all 10 players at a rate of 25 times per second to obtain data from them.

The following are some ways that teams utilize data analytics to gain a competitive advantage.

1. Player Efficiency Rating

The Player Efficiency Rating (PER) is one of the basketball measures that is utilized the most. This number determines how productive a player is on a minute-by-minute basis.

A statistical point value system adds all the positive contributions a player has made to his team and subtracts any negative onsets the player has caused.

In addition, PER makes adjustments for the tempo of the game and the total playing time to provide more accurate player comparisons.

The Player Efficiency Rating takes into account a variety of data, including field goals, free throws, three-pointers, assists, rebounds, blocks, and steals, as well as negative stats like missed shots, turnovers, and personal fouls.

The lack of solid defensive statistics to enter into the basketball efficiency formula is the most significant disadvantage of this approach. The majority of PER is devoted to measuring offensive performance.

A solid defensive team does not necessarily have a high percentage of blocks and thefts. Because of this, coaches are at a disadvantage according to this metric.

In the end, the PER can give an inaccurate representation of a player’s value. You do not want to learn how to calculate this efficiency rating because basketball’s formula is extremely complicated.

2. Win Shares

The coaches will use this to estimate how much each player has contributed to the overall win total for the club.

The player’s marginal points are utilized in the calculation to determine how much of an offensive victory share to award the player.

To determine how much credit to give them, first, the defensive rating is used to calculate the marginal defense of the player, and then that number is divided by the marginal points per win.

This indicates that the win shares earned by the defense and the offense are combined to determine the overall shares.

Win shares measure a player’s value depending on the number of wins they have achieved. Because the move places equal weight on the defensive and offensive win shares, separating them into their respective categories is vital.

Win shares, as opposed to PER, consider the total playing time. The basketball analytics presented here is straightforward to understand.

On a team level, both are computed as the number of points scored and the number of points allowed per 100 possessions. The formula that is applied in this situation is as follows:

The formula for possessions is as follows: TO =.96 * (FGA – ORB +.44 * FTA) + TO

The score is 44, which indicates that if a player scores and is fouled, they must take a free throw, but this does not count as a possession.

The pace of play and the number of possessions gained during a game significantly impact the final score.

These can be different depending on the coaching ideas of the individual. Both the defensive and attacking strategies are adapted to the faster speed. The following factors go into determining team ratings:

Scored Points multiplied by 100 divided by the Number of Possessions equals Offensive Rating.

The defensive rating is calculated by taking the number of points allowed and dividing it by 100.

3. Points Per Possession

Points-per-possession, The use of analytics has become extremely commonplace in the context of basketball analysis. Considering the type of play, it calculates points per possession for both individuals and teams.

Formulas to win basketball

The data are extremely detailed, although they are excellent tools for analyzing the scoring habits of a team or an individual player.

Using this statistic, it is simple to substantiate a claim that a player is the best in their league.

Equation Points per Possession = Points / Possessions

Points per 100 Points scored multiplied by 100 divided by several possessions equals possessions.

POSSt = FGAt + 0.44 × FTAt – OREBt + TO

The total number of basketball possessions can be measured more precisely with this formula for basketball analytics.

Understanding total possessions are made easier by the.44 calibers. This percentage helps measure how many possessions occurred throughout the total number of free throw attempts.

4. True Shooting Percentage

It is common knowledge that making free throws and three-point shots are the two most effective and efficient scoring methods in basketball.

The True Shooting percentage considers both factors using the total score and factoring in free throw attempts. The TS% metric can also be used for teams.

When doing the calculations for the teams, the coach needs to pay attention to both the field goals and the free throws as individual categories.

The goal %, which measures how effective a team’s shooting is from the field, is where all the attention is focused.


The formula for determining it is as follows: TS% = fracPTS 2(FGA + (0.44 times FTA))

Where: FGA = Field Goal Attempts

Free throw attempts are abbreviated as FTA.

PS stands for “points scored.”

There is no denying that Chef Curry possesses one of the top True Shooting Percentages in the NBA. That is not something that can be determined with the help of a basketball analytics method.

Check out this shooting workout to enhance your true shooting percentage and become as good as Steph Curry.

Read About Ways To Reduce Turnovers In Basketball

5. Free Throw Rate

This one focuses on the number of attempts made at free throws compared to the number of tries made at field goals. In basketball, the percentage of free throws is a crucial component of overall performance.

It is a measure of how effectively the offense operates. Free throws, layups, and three shots are the most effective way to score basketball points.

This metric is measured for both the team and the players, and its importance as a measure in basketball analytics cannot be overstated.

6. Rebound Rate

A player’s or team’s rebounding rate is the percentage computation of available rebounds they can grab, as opposed to the player’s or teams rebounding total.

Formulas to win basketball

It considers various factors, such as the tempo at which each team plays and the amount of playing time each player logs.

The difference in the percentage of rebounds obtained by one team compared to their opponents is displayed using the “rebound rate.”

The percentage of a player’s missed shots that are rebounded is what is used to determine their “Rebound Rate.”

The formula for calculating the rebound rate is as follows: 100 times (Rebounds multiplied by Team Minutes) divided by (Player Minutes multiplied by (Team Rebounds plus Opponent Rebounds)).

7. Shot Locations

There are powerful tools at one’s disposal to dissect shooting statistics into several categories of shot locations.

The data on the position of each shot is separated into zones or ranges, so you can examine how different teams or players shot from various parts of the field.

The basketball analytic offers the ideal answer for the trainer or coach who is looking for a way to improve their training program while at the same time ensuring that the squad is adequately equipped to achieve victory.

When coaches know the shooting placements, they can better identify how to set up plays for individual players and the entire team. On the court, the shots at which the team or individual player tends to be more successful by nature.

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8. Assist With Turnover Ratio

The assist to turnover ratio, abbreviated AST, is a basketball statistic that compares the number of assists a player has racked up to the number of turnovers they have been responsible for causing.

AST is an excellent metric for evaluating a player’s ability to manage the ball. This is evaluated based on the notion that a player has superior ball control if they have a higher assist-to-turnover ratio and fewer turnovers overall.

When calculating a player’s assist-to-turnover ratio, it is important to remember that a player capable of scoring many points may have a relatively low number of assists. The AST statistic does not take into account points in any way.

Formulas to win basketball

When comparing the AST of different players, however, it is possible that a player who focuses more on assists, such as the point guard, will have a lower AST ratio than other players.


1. What are the most important advanced stats in basketball?

  • The percentage of field goals made effectively (eFG%)
  • The true shooting percentage, also written as TS%
  • The player efficiency rating, also abbreviated as PER
  • Offensive and defensive rating

2. How are advanced basketball stats calculated?

A complicated formula is used to determine a player’s offensive win shares. This formula calculates a player’s marginal points based on his points created and offensive possessions and then divides this total by the marginal points required for a win.

3. What does the NBA use for analytics?

The National Basketball Association (NBA) has used Bayesian statistics to evaluate teams’ overall defensive performance and determine how much better a team’s overall defense is when a particular player is on the court.

This data is useful for determining whether players are effective at preventing the most productive sorts of shots, like dunks and three-pointers.

4. What is DRB in basketball?

DRB – Defensive Rebounds (available as the 1973-74 season in the NBA)

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