The fundamental regulations of wheelchair basketball are fairly similar to those of running basketball (for instance, the height of the basket, distance to the foul line, three-point line, etc., are the same measurements as in running basketball). However, they have also developed over time.
In 1964, basic international regulations were adopted, including minimal modifications to accommodate wheelchair players. The International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF) has adapted the Federation Internationale de Basketball regulations to govern wheelchair basketball (FIBA).
Wheelchair basketball is a fast-paced, action-packed sport in which wheelchair-using competitors play against one another in a competitive setting. The sport resembles regular basketball in scoring, court dimensions, and team dynamics.
A few of the rules have been somewhat adjusted to accommodate the nature of the game. Numerous athletes play the sport with a sense of physical toughness, mental fortitude, and happiness.
The sport was founded in 1945 to rehabilitate soldiers who had fought in World War II. Wheelchair basketball is one of the most popular sports in the Paralympic Games and is popular globally.
It has generated enthusiasm among basketball fans and fostered friendly rivalries amongst European clubs. It debuted in the 1960 Paralympics and has gained a big fan base in both the United States and Europe.
What Are The Rules Of Wheelchair Basketball?
1. Playing Time
In Wheelchair Basketball, the game is divided into four 10-minute quarters. When the ball is deemed dead, the clock stops and does not restart until play resumes and the ball is alive again. Once a quarter concludes, and a new one commences, a player must inbound the ball to restart play and the clock.
This does not apply to the beginning of the game, as a jump ball will be begun at half-court, and the game clock will start anytime the team completes the tipoff.
Similar to “standing” basketball, if the game ends in a tie after four regulated periods, there will be an overtime period. The overtime period is five minutes long, and as many overtimes as necessary may be played until a winner is chosen.
Wheelchair basketball utilizes the same scoring procedures as conventional basketball. A player must shoot the ball through the hoop to score points. In Wheelchair Basketball, a two-pointer, a three-pointer, and a free throw are all worth one point (s).
A two-pointer is any shot inside the three-point arc worth two points. A three-pointer is any shot from beyond the three-point line worth three points.
Since the wheelchair is included in the player’s body in Wheelchair Basketball, it must be entirely behind the three-point line for the shot to be worth three points.
Free throws are a chance for a player to score points without being guarded by an opponent. Every made free throw shot is worth one point.
Wheelchair basketball dribbling differs slightly from standard basketball dribbling. A participant dribbles in this sport by simultaneously pushing their wheels and bouncing, tapping, or rolling the ball on the ground.
A dribble is not considered “live” until the player has complete control of the ball and starts their action.
In Wheelchair Basketball, there’s no double dribble violation, which occurs when a player stops dribbling and immediately resumes dribbling without losing possession of the ball.
This gives these players greater freedom of movement and ball control during the game. A player is also permitted to take one or two heavy pushes on their wheels with the ball in their lap, as this is regarded as an aggressive dribble and not a “travel.”
Similar to dribbling, traveling in wheelchair basketball differs slightly from conventional basketball. A player with complete control of the ball uses more than two pushes in any direction to progress without dribbling or losing control of the ball; this is considered traveling.
As with advancing the ball up the court, pivoting motions are considered active pushes. Every pivot that surpasses two pushes is also considered a journey.
Multiple consecutive attempts at the basket, mishandling the ball while advancing in any direction, deflecting a pass, and regaining control of the ball do not qualify as traveling.
If a player is called for traveling, it will count as a mistake, and the opposing side will receive possession of the ball. Nevertheless, it should be remembered that in Wheelchair Basketball, there are no double-dribbling or carrying violations.
5. Three Seconds Rule
In Wheelchair Basketball, the Three seconds rule applies when a player is in the painted area of the key for more than three seconds.
This incidence can occur both on the offensive and defensive sides. Regardless of whether the violation is committed on offense or defense, the penalty will result in losing control of the ball and the possession being awarded to the other side.
However, it should be acknowledged that there are a few exceptions to this rule. One exception is that if a player is in the third second of their penalty and has left the paint, the game may proceed as normal. If a player on the team in possession of the ball decides to shoot, it is acceptable for a player in the paint to remain to maximize the possibility of rebounding the ball.
Also, Read What Is The American Basketball Association?
6. Shot Clock Violation
A shot clock of 24 seconds indicates to players how much time they have to shoot the ball. Failure to take a shot within 24 seconds violates the shot clock, which gives the opposition side possession of the ball.
When a player’s wheelchair touches the ball or when a player makes contact with the ball, the shot clock begins.
Any player who makes unlawful physical contact with an opposing player commits a foul. Given that the chair is an extension of the player’s body, any illegal contact with another player’s chair is likewise considered a foul. Numerous fouls closely resemble those in traditional basketball.
However, the fouls are not dissimilar. However, it is the means through which the players interact with one another.
An accepted regulation in the sport is known as the “Cylinder Principle,” which describes the imaginary distance between a player and the floor.
The cylinder encompasses the player’s full torso, wheelchair, and vertically extended arms. This distance is used to judge whether or not a player makes touch with another player at any particular time on the court.
8. Free Throws
A free throw occurs when a player has the opportunity to score without being guarded by an opponent. If a free throw is made, it is worth one point.
Depending on where on the court the player was fouled while shooting will decide how many free throws they are permitted to shoot.
If a player gets fouled while shooting and the basket is made, the basket will be counted, and the player will receive an additional opportunity to attempt a free throw.
9. Out Of Bounds
The limits of a Wheelchair basketball court are identical to those of a professionally controlled basketball court.
If a player in possession of the ball goes out of bounds or loses the ball’s possession out of bounds, the opposing team will receive possession of the ball.
As discussed, the player’s wheelchair is considered an extension of their body. In other words, if the player’s wheels or any part of the chair is out of bounds while in complete control of the ball, it will also be considered a turnover.
If the ball falls out of bounds, the player who last touched it receives a turnover, and the ball is delivered to the opposing team.
The same rule applies if a player tosses the ball at the wheels of an opponent; the ball is awarded to the side that did not touch the ball last.
Wheelchair basketball is the only sport that prohibits lifting. When a player elevates both buttocks off their chair to obtain an unfair edge over their opponent, they are lifting.
Lifting is prohibited when a player is shooting, rebounding, trying to block a shot, or deflecting an opponent’s pass. If a player is discovered “lifting,” he will be penalized, and a violation will be called.
1. Can you play wheelchair basketball if you’re not disabled?
No. People with paraplegia are not required to play wheelchair basketball, and non-disabled athletes recognize it as a fantastic sport in its own right.
2. How do you score in wheelchair basketball?
The team was assaulting the basket into which the ball had passed, credited with the goal.
A kickoff return from the two-point field goal area is worth two (2) points, whereas a field goal from the three-point field goal area is worth three (3) points.
3. How often do you dribble a wheelchair in basketball?
A wheelchair basketball player can propel their manual wheelchair once or twice while holding the ball in their hands or lap.
After dribbling the ball, the player must resume the sequence. A travel infraction occurs when players push their manual wheelchair more than twice without dribbling.
Check More How Does Fantasy Basketball Work?